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Research Article |

Prevalence and Factors Associated with Goiter Among Women of Reproductive Age Group in Adiyo Woreda, Kaffa Zone, South-West Ethiopia

Background: Goiter (enlargement of the thyroid gland) is the term used to describe the negative outcome of iodine deficiency. Iodine deficiency is a public health problem and the most preventable cause of brain damage and mental retardation in the world, and also a public health problem in Ethiopia. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with goiter among women of reproductive age group in Adiyo Woreda, Kaffa Zone, Southwest Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from August 21/2019 to September 21/2019 in Adiyo Woreda Kaffa Zone South West Ethiopia. A multistage sampling technique was employed. A total of 675 women of the reproductive age group were included in the study. Data was collected by a pre-tested questionnaire and checklist for clinical findings. Study participants were clinically examined for goiter by palpation methods using criteria set by World Health Organization. Data were entered into Epi info Verssion7 and then exported to SPSS version 21 for analysis. Descriptive statistics analysis was employed. Variables that had a p-value of less than 0.25 during bivariate analysis were entered in the multivariate logistic regressions. Finally, a p-value less than 0.05 and an odds ratio with 95% confidence intervals were used to decide statistically significant variables. Result: -Prevalence of goiter was found to be 61 (23.9%) where 25 (18.5%) were palpable and 36 (5.3%) were visible. Family history of goiter (AOR= 2.24, 95%CI= (1.27-3.96)), cabbage consumption (AOR=2.39, 95%CI= (1.11-5.11)), using salt for < 2months once purchased (AOR=0.52, 95%CI= (0.34-0.79)), Adding time of salt into food (AOR=0.61, 95%CI (0.39-0.95)), Poor knowledge about iodized salt and IDD (AOR=2.8, 95%CI= (1.58-4.89)) showed statistical difference at p-value less than 5%. Conclusions: Goiter prevalence was found to be moderate (23.9%) among women of the reproductive age group in the study settings. The health programmers and implementers have to address improving knowledge of Iodized salt proper utilization and, IDD to goiter. Thus ensuring the consumption of iodized salt and promoting iodine-rich food items among the community in the study setting is recommended. Wide-scope exploration is suggested.

Prevalence, Goiter, Reproductive Age, Women, Ethiopia

APA Style

Hailemariam Tsegaye, G., Tadesse Wodajo, L., Kalayu Sitotaw, I., Legesse Tadesse, B. (2023). Prevalence and Factors Associated with Goiter Among Women of Reproductive Age Group in Adiyo Woreda, Kaffa Zone, South-West Ethiopia. Science Journal of Public Health, 11(6), 195-205.

ACS Style

Hailemariam Tsegaye, G.; Tadesse Wodajo, L.; Kalayu Sitotaw, I.; Legesse Tadesse, B. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Goiter Among Women of Reproductive Age Group in Adiyo Woreda, Kaffa Zone, South-West Ethiopia. Sci. J. Public Health 2023, 11(6), 195-205. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20231106.12

AMA Style

Hailemariam Tsegaye G, Tadesse Wodajo L, Kalayu Sitotaw I, Legesse Tadesse B. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Goiter Among Women of Reproductive Age Group in Adiyo Woreda, Kaffa Zone, South-West Ethiopia. Sci J Public Health. 2023;11(6):195-205. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20231106.12

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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