Science Journal of Public Health

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Prevalence and Factors Associated with Goiter Among Women of Reproductive Age Group in Adiyo Woreda, Kaffa Zone, South-West Ethiopia

Received: 2 August 2023    Accepted: 7 November 2023    Published: 21 November 2023
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Abstract

Background: Goiter (enlargement of the thyroid gland) is the term used to describe the negative outcome of iodine deficiency. Iodine deficiency is a public health problem and the most preventable cause of brain damage and mental retardation in the world, and also a public health problem in Ethiopia. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with goiter among women of reproductive age group in Adiyo Woreda, Kaffa Zone, Southwest Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from August 21/2019 to September 21/2019 in Adiyo Woreda Kaffa Zone South West Ethiopia. A multistage sampling technique was employed. A total of 675 women of the reproductive age group were included in the study. Data was collected by a pre-tested questionnaire and checklist for clinical findings. Study participants were clinically examined for goiter by palpation methods using criteria set by World Health Organization. Data were entered into Epi info Verssion7 and then exported to SPSS version 21 for analysis. Descriptive statistics analysis was employed. Variables that had a p-value of less than 0.25 during bivariate analysis were entered in the multivariate logistic regressions. Finally, a p-value less than 0.05 and an odds ratio with 95% confidence intervals were used to decide statistically significant variables. Result: -Prevalence of goiter was found to be 61 (23.9%) where 25 (18.5%) were palpable and 36 (5.3%) were visible. Family history of goiter (AOR= 2.24, 95%CI= (1.27-3.96)), cabbage consumption (AOR=2.39, 95%CI= (1.11-5.11)), using salt for < 2months once purchased (AOR=0.52, 95%CI= (0.34-0.79)), Adding time of salt into food (AOR=0.61, 95%CI (0.39-0.95)), Poor knowledge about iodized salt and IDD (AOR=2.8, 95%CI= (1.58-4.89)) showed statistical difference at p-value less than 5%. Conclusions: Goiter prevalence was found to be moderate (23.9%) among women of the reproductive age group in the study settings. The health programmers and implementers have to address improving knowledge of Iodized salt proper utilization and, IDD to goiter. Thus ensuring the consumption of iodized salt and promoting iodine-rich food items among the community in the study setting is recommended. Wide-scope exploration is suggested.

DOI 10.11648/j.sjph.20231106.12
Published in Science Journal of Public Health (Volume 11, Issue 6, November 2023)
Page(s) 195-205
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Prevalence, Goiter, Reproductive Age, Women, Ethiopia

References
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Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Hailemariam Tsegaye, G., Tadesse Wodajo, L., Kalayu Sitotaw, I., Legesse Tadesse, B. (2023). Prevalence and Factors Associated with Goiter Among Women of Reproductive Age Group in Adiyo Woreda, Kaffa Zone, South-West Ethiopia. Science Journal of Public Health, 11(6), 195-205. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjph.20231106.12

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    ACS Style

    Hailemariam Tsegaye, G.; Tadesse Wodajo, L.; Kalayu Sitotaw, I.; Legesse Tadesse, B. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Goiter Among Women of Reproductive Age Group in Adiyo Woreda, Kaffa Zone, South-West Ethiopia. Sci. J. Public Health 2023, 11(6), 195-205. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20231106.12

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    AMA Style

    Hailemariam Tsegaye G, Tadesse Wodajo L, Kalayu Sitotaw I, Legesse Tadesse B. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Goiter Among Women of Reproductive Age Group in Adiyo Woreda, Kaffa Zone, South-West Ethiopia. Sci J Public Health. 2023;11(6):195-205. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20231106.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.sjph.20231106.12,
      author = {Getachew Hailemariam Tsegaye and Legesse Tadesse Wodajo and Ismael Kalayu Sitotaw and Biruk Legesse Tadesse},
      title = {Prevalence and Factors Associated with Goiter Among Women of Reproductive Age Group in Adiyo Woreda, Kaffa Zone, South-West Ethiopia},
      journal = {Science Journal of Public Health},
      volume = {11},
      number = {6},
      pages = {195-205},
      doi = {10.11648/j.sjph.20231106.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjph.20231106.12},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.sjph.20231106.12},
      abstract = {Background: Goiter (enlargement of the thyroid gland) is the term used to describe the negative outcome of iodine deficiency. Iodine deficiency is a public health problem and the most preventable cause of brain damage and mental retardation in the world, and also a public health problem in Ethiopia. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with goiter among women of reproductive age group in Adiyo Woreda, Kaffa Zone, Southwest Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from August 21/2019 to September 21/2019 in Adiyo Woreda Kaffa Zone South West Ethiopia. A multistage sampling technique was employed. A total of 675 women of the reproductive age group were included in the study. Data was collected by a pre-tested questionnaire and checklist for clinical findings. Study participants were clinically examined for goiter by palpation methods using criteria set by World Health Organization. Data were entered into Epi info Verssion7 and then exported to SPSS version 21 for analysis. Descriptive statistics analysis was employed. Variables that had a p-value of less than 0.25 during bivariate analysis were entered in the multivariate logistic regressions. Finally, a p-value less than 0.05 and an odds ratio with 95% confidence intervals were used to decide statistically significant variables. Result: -Prevalence of goiter was found to be 61 (23.9%) where 25 (18.5%) were palpable and 36 (5.3%) were visible. Family history of goiter (AOR= 2.24, 95%CI= (1.27-3.96)), cabbage consumption (AOR=2.39, 95%CI= (1.11-5.11)), using salt for Conclusions: Goiter prevalence was found to be moderate (23.9%) among women of the reproductive age group in the study settings. The health programmers and implementers have to address improving knowledge of Iodized salt proper utilization and, IDD to goiter. Thus ensuring the consumption of iodized salt and promoting iodine-rich food items among the community in the study setting is recommended. Wide-scope exploration is suggested.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Prevalence and Factors Associated with Goiter Among Women of Reproductive Age Group in Adiyo Woreda, Kaffa Zone, South-West Ethiopia
    AU  - Getachew Hailemariam Tsegaye
    AU  - Legesse Tadesse Wodajo
    AU  - Ismael Kalayu Sitotaw
    AU  - Biruk Legesse Tadesse
    Y1  - 2023/11/21
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjph.20231106.12
    DO  - 10.11648/j.sjph.20231106.12
    T2  - Science Journal of Public Health
    JF  - Science Journal of Public Health
    JO  - Science Journal of Public Health
    SP  - 195
    EP  - 205
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2328-7950
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjph.20231106.12
    AB  - Background: Goiter (enlargement of the thyroid gland) is the term used to describe the negative outcome of iodine deficiency. Iodine deficiency is a public health problem and the most preventable cause of brain damage and mental retardation in the world, and also a public health problem in Ethiopia. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with goiter among women of reproductive age group in Adiyo Woreda, Kaffa Zone, Southwest Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from August 21/2019 to September 21/2019 in Adiyo Woreda Kaffa Zone South West Ethiopia. A multistage sampling technique was employed. A total of 675 women of the reproductive age group were included in the study. Data was collected by a pre-tested questionnaire and checklist for clinical findings. Study participants were clinically examined for goiter by palpation methods using criteria set by World Health Organization. Data were entered into Epi info Verssion7 and then exported to SPSS version 21 for analysis. Descriptive statistics analysis was employed. Variables that had a p-value of less than 0.25 during bivariate analysis were entered in the multivariate logistic regressions. Finally, a p-value less than 0.05 and an odds ratio with 95% confidence intervals were used to decide statistically significant variables. Result: -Prevalence of goiter was found to be 61 (23.9%) where 25 (18.5%) were palpable and 36 (5.3%) were visible. Family history of goiter (AOR= 2.24, 95%CI= (1.27-3.96)), cabbage consumption (AOR=2.39, 95%CI= (1.11-5.11)), using salt for Conclusions: Goiter prevalence was found to be moderate (23.9%) among women of the reproductive age group in the study settings. The health programmers and implementers have to address improving knowledge of Iodized salt proper utilization and, IDD to goiter. Thus ensuring the consumption of iodized salt and promoting iodine-rich food items among the community in the study setting is recommended. Wide-scope exploration is suggested.
    
    VL  - 11
    IS  - 6
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Kaffa Zone Health Office, South Nation Nationality Peoples’ Region, Hawasa, Ethiopia

  • Department of Public Health, College of Health Science, Arsi University, Asela, Ethiopia

  • Department of Public Health, College of Health Science, Arsi University, Asela, Ethiopia

  • Department of Pathology, Medical College, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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